Emptying your dogs glands

Checking your dogs anal glands during the regular grooming routine is crucial to making sure they maintain optimal health. It is probably one of the least pleasant tasks for dog owners, although for years many people that had pets didn’t know that canine anal sacs existed.

Photography of Three Dogs Looking Up
How Dogs Anal Gland is Emptied
Dogs will drain these sacs while defecating. As the stool passes out of the anus, the pressure will generally empty the anal glands; however, due to the domestication of dogs, a number of our canine friends have trouble clearing their glands. Impacted anal glands are most common in small dogs and is signaled by your dog scooting on the floor or licking and biting at his rear and you will most likely notice an odor.
Why Expressing Dogs Anal Glands is Important
When emptying of these glands does not happen, they can become impacted and it is very uncomfortable and painful to your dog. They must be expressed or infection and abscess can follow if the effect isn’t relieved. The normal size of the sacs is that of a kidney bean but when they are full the glands will enlarge and feel hard. Normally, the impacted glands will be very sensitive and your dog may respond as if in pain when you touch near that area.
Where to Finds the Dogs Anal Glands
Anal sacs can be found on either side of the lower half and only inside your pet’s anus. They’re lined with cells that regularly secrete an extremely pungent discharge. If you look closely, you can probably find the very small ducts through which a foul smelling liquid pops. There isn’t any noticeable smell to humans when your furry friend is washed routinely and your dogs anal glands are in great shape. Other canines on the other hand don’t have any problem detecting the odor.
To avoid the expense of getting the sacs expelled, you can do this yourself; however, some dog owners feel it’s well worth having a veterinarian perform this service, at least on the first event.
To express the glands, put on a disposable latex glove. Holding a tissue, place your thumb and forefinger on either side of the anus and then squeeze gingerly. Anal sack material should exude from the ducts without a lot of pressure and you will likely feel that the glands become smaller as you gently squeeze. If you’re not sure about doing this or notice anything unusual, consult your vet. It is ideal to have someone hold your pet still while you do this.
Your vet may suggest a diet high in fiber should you find your pet is having a consistent problem with blocked anal glands. The added fiber can help to express the anal sacs as soon as your pet eliminates.
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If the anal glands become infected the sacs will expand and pops through the skin by the anus. This will produce a painful draining abscess and will require proper veterinarian treatment and most likely manually expressing of the glands until the abscess has gone.
Re-occurring Impacted Glands This can often result in a more enjoyable relationship for you and your very best friend.
This is considered routine surgery but there are potential problems because of the many nerves in that region and fecal incontinence may develop if too much damage occurs. Furthermore, if your dogs anal glands wasn’t entirely removed, they have the capability to keep on secreting fluid. While this accumulates, the result may be an abscess and a persistent draining tract in the sac into the skin. If this occurs the veterinarian will have to go back and remove the sac tissue to have a successful outcome.

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